" class="no-js "lang="en-US"> FDA Votes to Confirm Benefit of LEQEMBI to Treat Alzheimer's
Thursday, May 23, 2024

FDA Advisory Committee Votes Unanimously to Confirm Clinical Benefit of LEQEMBI® (lecanemab-irmb) for the Treatment of Early Alzheimer’s Disease

BioArctic ABs partner Eisai announced that the US Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Peripheral and Central Nervous System Drugs Advisory Committee (PCNS) voted unanimously that the data from Eisai’s Phase 3 Clarity AD clinical trial confirms the clinical benefit of LEQEMBI (lecanemab-irmb) 100 mg/mL intravenous injection for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). LEQEMBI received Accelerated approval from the FDA for the treatment of early Alzheimer’s disease on January 6, 2023. The PDUFA action date for traditional approval of LEQEMBI has been set for July 6, 2023, with designation of priority review.

Additionally, the committee members confirmed the overall risk-benefit profile of LEQEMBI, the clinical meaningfulness of the data and discussed its use in specific subgroups, including Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) ε4 homozygote patients, patients requiring concomitant treatment with anticoagulant agents, and patients with cerebral amyloid angiopathy.

The unanimous decision by the panel of independent experts was based on the supplementary Biologics License Application (sBLA) which includes data from Eisai’s large global confirmatory Phase 3 clinical Clarity AD trial. The Clarity AD trial met its prespecified primary endpoint, demonstrating a highly statistically significant slowing of cognitive and functional decline (27%, p=0.00005) compared to placebo over 18 months. Highly statistically significant treatment effects were also observed for all multiplicity-controlled secondary endpoints that examined cognition and functional changes using other validated scales. The most common adverse events (>10%) in the LEQEMBI group were infusion reactions (LEQEMBI: 26.4%; placebo: 7.4%), ARIA-H (combined cerebral microhemorrhages, cerebral macrohemorrhages, and superficial siderosis; LEQEMBI: 17.3%; placebo: 9.0%), ARIA-E (edema/effusion: 12.6%; placebo: 1.7%), headache (LEQEMBI: 11.1%; placebo: 8.1%), and fall (LEQEMBl: 10.4%; placebo: 9.6%). Infusion reactions were largely mild-to-moderate (grade 1-2: 96%) and occurred on the first dose (75%). The results of the Clarity AD study were presented at the Clinical Trials on Alzheimer’s Disease (CTAD) conference and simultaneously published in the peer-reviewed medical journal, The New England Journal of Medicine.

LEQEMBI, a humanized immunoglobulin gamma 1 (IgG1) monoclonal antibody directed against aggregated soluble (protofibril[1] and insoluble forms of amyloid beta (Aβ), received Accelerated Approval on January 6, 2023, and was launched in the U.S. on January 18, 2023. The accelerated approval was based on Phase 2b data that demonstrated that LEQEMBI reduced the accumulation of Aβ plaque in the brain, a defining feature of AD. Its continued approval may be contingent upon verification of LEQEMBI’s clinical benefit in the confirmatory Clarity AD trial. The advisory committee agreed that Clarity AD verified the clinical benefit. The Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) action date for the traditional approval is July 6, 2023.

Eisai serves as the lead of lecanemab development and regulatory submissions globally with both Eisai and Biogen co-commercializing and co-promoting the product and Eisai having final decision-making authority. BioArctic has the right to commercialize lecanemab in the Nordic region and currently Eisai and BioArctic are preparing for a joint commercialization in the region.

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